The Job insecurity and level of anxiety and depression symptoms among employees of private manufacturing sectors in Malaysia during Covid-19 pandemic
Covid-19 affects most Malaysian employees' mental health by halting industries operations and causing layoffs. This cross-sectional study identified job insecurity, anxiety, and depression symptoms among employees in the private manufacturing industries during the Covid-19 pandemic. An online survey, comprised of the Job Insecurity Scale (JIS), General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), was completed by 75 participants from five different manufacturing industries. The participants had significant job insecurity (M=51.53), anxiety symptoms (54.6%), and depressive symptoms (49.3%) during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study reported a substantial median difference in depression symptoms among employees with secondary and tertiary education levels (r=0.24, p<0.05). The Mann-Whitney U test also revealed that employees with high job insecurity had higher anxiety symptoms (r=0.47, p<0.001) and depression symptoms (r=0.63, p<0.001) as compared to the employees with low job insecurity. The difference between high and low job insecurity employees showed a medium effect size (Cohen, 1988). In conclusion, during the Covid-19 pandemic, private employees faced significant job insecurity, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. This study suggests the need for preventive care or self-monitoring in mental health issues among employees with job insecurity.
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